Causes of tooth decay?

Treatment of caries

Tooth decay is the most common dental disease that every person encounters at least once in their lifetime. It is therefore widely believed that it does not pose a serious threat to oral health. This is true, but only to some extent.

Caries is indeed well known to dentistry, which deals with it successfully, effectively and without subsequent complications. For this, however, it is necessary to catch it in time and treat it correctly. Otherwise, the harmless initial illness could lead to further headaches, complications, lengthy and costly treatments.

Features and significance

What is tooth decay?

Tooth decay is a disease of the hard tissues of the teeth that, if left untreated, gradually leads to their destruction. Initially, it affects the most superficial layer of the tooth – the enamel. Then it attacks the dentin, and in the last stage of its development it reaches the nerve and turns into the more serious pulpitis. The hot recommendation of every dentist is that patients should not wait for this process to develop and proceed to treatment as quickly as possible. But it is done by precise cleaning of the diseased tooth tissue, treatment of the space and placement of a filling of high-quality material, which in dental language we call obturation.

Most often, in its initial stage, caries is not painful, and this makes its capture more difficult. As the disease progresses, the patient begins to feel pain – initially sporadic and with specific irritations such as eating hot, cold or sweet foods, as well as pressure. In the final stages, the pain can become severe and constant.

Medical Dent

What is the reason?

Reasons for its occurrence

Its appearance is determined by the simultaneous influence of many factors, of which the first is oral hygiene. A more secondary, but also important role in the prevention of caries is played by diet, possible harmful habits, individual enamel structure.

1. Oral Hygiene

Dentists repeat recommendations for good oral hygiene so often that many patients find them annoying. But the truth is, there’s no better way to keep your teeth healthy and your smile beautiful.

Proper and regular brushing and flossing, flossing the hard-to-reach areas near the gum and in the interdental spaces, and rinsing with mouthwash are the surest barriers against tooth decay.

2. Enamel vulnerability

If you maintain perfect oral hygiene but still suffer from frequent cavities, this puts you in the category of vulnerable patients with finer and less mineralized tooth enamel. This happens in both children and adult patients and means that they need to take more care to keep their smile healthy – most often through preventive checkups at shorter intervals.

3. Diet

“Don’t eat so much sweets, you’ll spoil your teeth” is a line every child has heard from their parents in their quest to preserve every milk tooth. Indeed, diet has a bearing on dental health. Increased consumption of sugary products, carbonated drinks, acidic foods increases the risk of developing tooth decay. We recommend that teeth are thoroughly cleaned after taking them.

4. Dry mouth

The saliva in our mouth is the natural barrier against the development of cavities and oral diseases in general. It fights dangerous bacteria and washes away food debris on the teeth. However, if salivation is impaired or reduced for any reason, protection becomes incomplete. This deficiency could occur for a variety of reasons – for example, smokers often have dry mouth. Another factor could be various diseases or hormonal conditions.

To help yourself, you can use a special mouthwash or preparations recommended by the dentist that increase the resistance of the enamel. It is also important to drink enough water to keep the mouth and the body hydrated. Chewing sugarless gum also stimulates salivation.

5. Improper teeth alignment

Improper bite, crowding of teeth, improperly grown wisdom teeth or other orthodontic problems create a good environment for more cavities to occur. The reason is again related to hygiene, as these spaces are more difficult to clean. These patients need to put more effort into regular washing.

Is tooth decay contagious?

Unfortunately – yes. Like any other disease of a bacterial nature, it can also be transmitted from person to person – through the use of common utensils, pacifiers, kissing, sneezing, etc.

Tooth decay is actually the result of an acidic process that occurs when bacteria in the mouth meet food debris. Together they form a fine bacterial layer, which is initially called biofilm and then dental plaque. 

It is from the accumulation of this plaque on the enamel that tooth decay occurs. So, at the risk of repeating ourselves, it is crucial that you brush your teeth regularly and to a high quality. This prevents the effects of the dangerous combination. 

What types of tooth decay are there?

Depending on its progress, caries is divided into three types – small, medium and large. There are also three types of caries according to the place where they are formed. If it is on the chewing surface of the tooth, the caries is occlusal. It is more common in children.

If it is located in the space between two teeth, it is aproximal. The third possible, though less common, location is under the gum – at the root.

How is it treated?

The treatment of tooth decay has been well known for decades – it is done through a filling. However, the development of dentistry has made this treatment many times more effective, painless, sterile, safe and aesthetic than it was years ago.

Choose the best clinic!

Why trust Medical Dent?

Tooth decay is harmless if we don’t let it become dangerous. Treatment is easy if you don’t make it complicated. Placing a filling is a routine task, but if performed incorrectly, it can cause complications, or at the very least, aesthetic and functional discomfort for the patient.

That is why it is necessary to turn to specialists who have extensive experience, possess the knowledge and are aware of how to put it into practice to achieve the desired result. And in a place that has proven to work to the highest standards in dentistry in terms of sterility and quality of materials. This place is Medical Dent Dental Clinic!

Contact us quickly and easily!

We believe that each tooth is a complex organism and its different problems require different specialists.

Call Now Button